Indonesias fish production and consumption have been steadily growing for over three decades. Fisheries production increased from app. 1.8 million MT in 1980 to app. 6 million tonnes in 2012. Aquaculture production increased from app. 0.2 million MT in 1980 to app. 3 million tonnes in 2012. The same pattern is observed in fish consumption. According to FAO the annual per capita consumption has almost tripled, from an average of 10.6 kg in the 1970s to average of 24.7 kg (live weight) in 2007-2009. When looking at actual consumption instead of live weight average consumption is lower, with 12.8 kg per capita according to a household survey of 2011. The high population density and relatively low fish consumption level in central Java brings the national average figure for consumption down, but it is clear that in most other parts of the country consumption levels are much higher (FAO 2015).
The most important captured species in Indonesia are snappers, groupers, sweetlips, mackerels, scads, anchovies, tunas (mostly skipjack, yellowfin, bigeye), penaeid shrimp and squids. For aquaculture the commonly produced species are carp, tilapia, catfish and shrimp (FAO 2014). The most commonly consumed marine fish is Skipjack tuna followed by anchovy and Indian mackerel. Tilapia ranked first for inland species followed by catfish and common carp, these are predominantly aquaculture species (FAO 2015).
Although the growth in the capture fisheries and aquaculture sectors is certainly not to be underestimated, there are still numerous challenges in the value chain of both sectors. Known examples of such challenges are the lack of cold chains, congestions in logistics between and on the islands, and compliance of export products with EU standards. Recently the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries announced that it has ordered 1,080 new fishing ships and intends to renovate seven fishing ports to further boost the sector (Jakarta Post 2017).The Ministry of Economic Affairs in the Netherlands, together with other public and private stakeholders in the Netherlands and Indonesia, have the intention to contribute to more efficient and professional fishery and aquaculture value chains in Indonesia by means of B2B, G2G and PPP initiatives. Wageningen Research has been asked to focus on three objectives.
The first objective is to provide an overview of national and international fisheries and aquaculture projects and programmes in Indonesia. The second objective is to provide facts, figures and trends in fishery and aquaculture value chains. The third objective is to identify opportunities and constraints regarding the (potential) cooperation in G2G, B2B and PPPs with respect to the above mentioned projects and programmes (objective 1) and characterisation of the value chains (objective 2).
These objectives will be handled via an internet and literature search and semi-structured interviews in the Netherlands and Indonesia. The results consist of an Excel database with projects and a powerpoint characterising facts, figures and trends in value chains and the opportunities and constraints for public-private cooperation in the value chains.