The overall objective of the proposed activity is to conduct early-stage sustainability assessments for the seven BPM R&D projects for which basic research is being conducted. As main task, the environmental performance will be assessed, with energy use, GHG emissions and land use as key indicators. Two different approaches will be applied, namely ex-ante LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) and the “pillar method”. The latter makes use of data which are largely available from lab experiments and can therefore complement ex-ante LCA. Given the very limited experience with the pillar method, further validation is required, possibly followed by further methodological developments. The insight gained from application of the two methods will serve as valuable input for further improvement of the processes.