Collectieven Agrarisch Natuurbeheer

In the EU different approaches exist with respect to agri-environmental service provision.  The literature emphasises the importance of more integral/landscape oriented approaches.  The farmer group approach advocated by the Dutch government is one of these models, which has a certain position on the continuum of individual-coordination-collaboration.  Other MS follow different approaches.  It is imprtant to have a comprative analysis of idfferent approaches

Several studies have pointed to the need to follow a landscape approach within agri-environmental policies. Such an approach requires spatial coordination and collaboration. In this study 5 case studies (relevance, allowing to detect change over time) are analysed, coming from 5 EU member states (Netherlands, UK, Belgium, France and Germany). From the study, which follows a detailed activity-based analysis, it appears that there is an increasing tendency to collaboration and coordination, even though institutional conditions might be different.  Spatial coordination is achieved in various ways involving several groups of stakeholders. In all cases it also  involves some kind of a professional(ized) organisation, even when it are only farmers that are participating. This might be due to the complexity of implementing a landscape approach. The development and maintenance of appropriate forms of social capital (e.g. organisation capacity, networking and trust), an adequate (formal) institutional design, and the cultivation of adequate learning strategies are assessed to be of key importance for successful development and effective service delivery (adaptive governance)