Climate change is one of the biggest challenges of the present time and is now affecting every country on every continent, especially the global south. Societies everywhere are already experiencing the impacts of climate change, which include changing weather patterns, rising sea level and more extreme weather events. Climate change is affecting socio-economic systems and ecosystems all over the world and its impacts, such as floods, seawater intrusion, droughts and heat waves, will become more acute and severe, and less predictable in the coming decades. These impacts will highly affect (the quality and amount of resources for) food and feed production, will damage and destroy ecosystems and human settlements, disrupt economies and may result in competing claims for land.
The growing demand for agricultural products to feed the 9.6 billion people by 2050 is likely to exacerbate the burden on the planet. Therefore, urgent action to combat climate change is required both by reducing greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation) and by reducing the vulnerabilities to climate change, including increasing adaptive capacity of socio-economic systems (adaptation).