Birgit Elands is Assistant Professsor at the Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group of Wageningen University, the Netherlands. Her research focuses on human-nature interaction, aiming at finding strategies for long-term engagement with and care for their natural environment, both in times of stability and change. Research themes involve biocultural diversity, active green citizenship, public engagement with nature, spiritual values, experiences and meanings of nature. She has extensive experience in both quantitative and qualitatve social science research. She has published articles on these and other topics in journals such as Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Environmental Science & Policy, Landscape and Urban Planning, and Forest Policy and Economics. She is currently involved in GREEN SURGE, a research project funded by the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme (FP7), focussing on planning and management of biocultural diversity in urban green infrastructure.