Linking of exposure and effects in higher tiers

In July the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) issued guidance for assessing the risks of plant protection products to bees living next to treated fields.

Jos Boesten was one of the members of the EFSA workgroup that drafted this guidance document in which role he contributed to the exposure assessment part. This exposure includes both contact exposure during and shortly after application and consumption of nectar and pollen and of water in the hive (considering spray applications, seed treatments and granule applications).

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