Publicaties

Unravelling the one-carbon metabolism of the acetogen Sporomusa strain An4 by genome and proteome analysis

Visser, M.; Pieterse, M.M.; Pinkse, M.W.H.; Nijsse, B.; Verhaert, P.D.E.M.; Vos, W.M. de; Schaap, P.J.; Stams, A.J.M.

Samenvatting

The Sporomusa genus comprises anaerobic spore-forming acetogenic bacteria that stain Gram-negative. Sporomusa species typically grow with one-carbon substrates and N-methylated compounds. In the degradation of these compounds methyltransferases are involved. In addition, Sporomusa species can grow autotrophically with H2 and CO2 , and use a variety of sugars for acetogenic growth. Here we describe a genome analysis of Sporomusa strain An4 and a proteome analysis of cells grown under five different conditions. Comparison of the genomes of Sporomusa strain An4 and Sporomusa ovata strain H1 indicated that An4 is a S. ovata strain. Proteome analysis showed a high abundance of several methyltransferases, predominantly trimethylamine methyltransferases, during growth with betaine, while trimethylamine is one of the main end products of betaine degradation. In methanol degradation methyltransferases are also involved. In methanol utilizing methanogens two methyltransferases catalyze methanol conversion, methyltransferase 1 composed of subunits MtaB and MtaC and methyltransferase 2, also called MtaA. The two methyltransferase 1 subunits MtaB and MtaC were highly abundant when strain An4 was grown with methanol. However, instead of MtaA a methyltetrahydrofolate methyltransferase was synthesized. We propose a novel methanol degradation pathway in Sporomusa strain An4 that uses a methyltetrahydrofolate methyltransferase instead of MtaA