The EU has provides a harmonised legal framework for animal transport. Part of that framework is the EU adopted Regulation (EC) 1/2005. The content and impact of the Regulation has been the subject of a Scientific Opinion by EFSA in 2011 followed in 2012 by an impact report from the Commission to the European
Parliament and the Council. Three key recommendations were formulated the latter of which stated ‘As regards the gap between the requirements of the legislation and available scientific evidence the Commission sees that this is best addressed by the adoption of guides to good practice’. It is expected that the development of Guides to Good and Best Practice can improve the welfare of animals during transportation, particularly by reducing national and regional differences in interpretation of the requirements of the Regulation. The
Transport Guides project was commissioned by DG SANTE to produce Guides to Good Practice for cattle, sheep, pigs, horses and poultry in the European Union (http://www.animaltransportguides.eu). The project has been undertaken by a research consortium comprised of 16 representative organisations from 9 Member States and a stakeholder platform with 10 member organisations. The first phase of this project involved the examination of a wide range of information sources and literature to identify and evaluate available recommendations for good and best practices during all stages of transport. Good practices are those that reflect the requirements in the legislation. Best Practices are defined as providing additional guidance on how to exceed legally defined minimum welfare requirements. The first results of this project include analyses of the collected information for each of the species: each species section includes analyses of the practices identified, followed by an overview of all available practices presented in tabulated form. These findings are
the basis for the development of Guides to Good and Best Practices in the next steps of the project, and will be presented at the meeting.