The transition to sustainable energy is in full swing. There is a great challenge to meet our energy requirements with sustainable energy sources. Solar power and the construction of solar parks are currently experiencing strong growth. In 2018 the solar power installed has increased by 46%. The area of solar parks on the ground is growing faster than the surface solar panels on roofs. In the Netherlands there is discussion about the use of scarce space for installing solar panels. The use of roofs on new and existing buildings is an efficient use of space, but the outdoor area offers developers of solar parks many advantages, such as scale. Little research has been done into the effects of solar parks on nature, agriculture and landscape. Ground-based solar parks have effects on the soil, agriculture, the biodiversity and services that the landscape provides. Whether these effects are positive or negative depends on the initial situation at the location in question and on the design and management of the solar park. This study provides an overview of the literature on solar parks in relation to soil, agriculture, biodiversity and experience.