Anna Minasyan: The role of conflict in sex discrimination

The role of conflict has been largely overlooked in the 'missing girls' literature. Evidence from an ethnic and territorial conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan, as a consequence of Nagorno Karabakh War (1991-1994), shows that growing threats to ethnic and national security lead to increased son preference in the society expressed by highly skewed sex ratios at birth once fertility decline and access to sex-determination technology are at play.

Organised by Development Economics

Thu 16 November 2017 12:30 to 13:30

Venue Leeuwenborch, gebouwnummer 201
Room C82

Evidence from the South Caucasus

An individual-level population survey from Armenia shows that those with primary concerns over national security and territorial integrity are more likely to have a son bias. Moreover, findings from a panel fixed effects data analysis for 76 Armenian communities over 1987-2011 period reveal that  communities closer to the capital of Nagorno Karabakh, the conflict zone, experience higher sex ratios at birth after the increase of ceasefire breaches. Our identification strategy relies on the interaction of distance to conflict and  pre- and post-war periods, controlled for community-specific time trends and community-specific time-invariant characteristics