Carbonizing forest governance: Analyzing the consequences of REDD+ for multilevel forest governance


Carbonizing forest governance: Analyzing the consequences of REDD+ for multilevel forest governance

Promovendus MJ (Marjanneke) Vijge MSc
Promotor APJ (Arthur) Mol
Copromotor dr. A (Aarti) Gupta
Organisatie Wageningen University & Research, Environmental Policy, Wageningen School of Social Sciences (WASS)

di 5 april 2016 13:30 tot 15:00

Locatie Auditorium, building number 362
Generaal Foulkesweg 1
6703 BG Wageningen

Deforestation and forest degradation are some of the largest anthropogenic causes of climate change. REDD+ is a governance initiative negotiated under the climate change convention to compensate developing countries for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The thesis analyzes the consequences of REDD+ for multilevel forest governance. It shows that REDD+ manifests itself differently at different levels of governance, with varying consequences for forest governance. Global policy debates around REDD+ mainly focus on results-based compensation for carbon emission reductions, to be measured by experts with the use of national monitoring systems. Many national REDD+ policy documents plan to make national government agencies responsible for REDD+, which might promote a centralization of authority. At national and project level, REDD+ is often framed as a policy mechanism to generate not only carbon but also non-carbon benefits, to be measured by experts as well as local communities. However, countries currently lack the capacity to monitor such non-carbon benefits and to engage in community-based monitoring.


  1. The rhetoric of REDD+ as a global mechanism does not match the fragmented reality of current REDD+ governance.
    (this thesis)
  2. The question is not whether and how REDD+ can be effective, but rather whose idea of effectiveness prevails.
    (this thesis)
  3. The relation between the production of scientific information and the effectiveness of environmental governance demonstrates a trend similar to that of the environmental Kuznets curve.
  4. Currently, China’s environment benefits from the country’s lack of democracy.
  5. Despite the growing threat of terrorism, the world’s biggest security threat is still climate change.
  6. Travelling contributes more to identity formation than years of place-based self-examination.