Deforestation and forest degradation are some of the largest anthropogenic causes of climate change. REDD+ is a governance initiative negotiated under the climate change convention to compensate developing countries for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The thesis analyzes the consequences of REDD+ for multilevel forest governance. It shows that REDD+ manifests itself differently at different levels of governance, with varying consequences for forest governance. Global policy debates around REDD+ mainly focus on results-based compensation for carbon emission reductions, to be measured by experts with the use of national monitoring systems. Many national REDD+ policy documents plan to make national government agencies responsible for REDD+, which might promote a centralization of authority. At national and project level, REDD+ is often framed as a policy mechanism to generate not only carbon but also non-carbon benefits, to be measured by experts as well as local communities. However, countries currently lack the capacity to monitor such non-carbon benefits and to engage in community-based monitoring.
- The rhetoric of REDD+ as a global mechanism does not match the fragmented reality of current REDD+ governance.
- The question is not whether and how REDD+ can be effective, but rather whose idea of effectiveness prevails.
- The relation between the production of scientific information and the effectiveness of environmental governance demonstrates a trend similar to that of the environmental Kuznets curve.
- Currently, China’s environment benefits from the country’s lack of democracy.
- Despite the growing threat of terrorism, the world’s biggest security threat is still climate change.
- Travelling contributes more to identity formation than years of place-based self-examination.