Contextualising the emergence and impacts of the AIDS epidemic on rural livelihoods and household food security in Masaka, Uganda

Promotie

Contextualising the emergence and impacts of the AIDS epidemic on rural livelihoods and household food security in Masaka, Uganda

Promovendus mr. JB (Jackson) Tumwine
Promotor prof.dr.ir. C (Cees) Leeuwis
prof.dr. A (Anke) Niehof
Organisatie Wageningen University, Knowledge Technology and Innovation, Wageningen School of Social Sciences (WASS), Sociology of Consumption and Households
Datum

di 13 maart 2018 16:00 tot 17:30

Locatie Auditorium, building number 362
Generaal Foulkesweg 1
362
6703 BG Wageningen
0317-483592

Abstract

This study investigated the political, economic, cultural, historical and geo­graphical context in which the AIDS epidemic emerged in Uganda in the early 1980s and became a big livelihood crisis and how this affected the rural households in Masaka district. The study shows how Masaka came to be an epicentre of the epidemic. By comparing the demographic features, agricultural production, and food security of households with a history of AIDS morbidity and mortality to house­holds where this was not the case, impacts of the epidemic on the rural house­holds were assessed. The conclusion is that these impacts were less than expected, which can be attributed to the greatly advanced coverage of antiretroviral treatment during the past decade. Furthermore, when applying an AIDS+ perspective, it is clear that factors such as crops diseases, declining soil fertility and climate change are equally challenging for these households now as was AIDS in the past.