The next ENP MSC colloquium takes place 4th of March from 15.00-16.30h at the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions.
|Name||Supervisor(s)||Title||Date and Time||Place|
|Christian Stolk||Bas van Vliet & Jennifer Lenhart||Urban Agriculture Changing Amsterdam, the role policies and actors in Urban Agriculture in Amsterdam||4th of March: 15-16.30h||Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions|
|Moises Covarrubias||Bas van Vliet||Public-Private-Community-Partnerships||4th of March: 15-16.30h||Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions|
In this thesis the role Urban Agriculture (UA) plays in Amsterdam is investigated. This thesis focuses on the role policies and actors have in the UA domain in Amsterdam and how they constrain or enable UA. Various actors were interviewed: Governmental Institutions, UA Promoters and UA Practitioners. The Policy Arrangement Approach and Policy Evaluation Framework were used in analyzing the results. Results show. The research shows that the UA domain is Amsterdam is complex, divers and is struggling with the role it can have in the city, but is seen positively by many actors in Amsterdam. It was found that there is no consensus about how actors are framing UA. However, there are various discourse whom various actors agree with. The results show that there are various opportunities for collaboration, but that actors need to overcome discourses and rethink about the role they want to play. Resources are not seen as big constraint for UA in Amsterdam. Funding can be difficult to apply for, but could be required through several sponsors. Also the results indicate that land availability is an issue, but not very large depending on the willingness of actors to use empty land. In regard to the societal effectiveness, actors are not satisfied with the relevant policies, UA is lacking in them and they are not build for UA. Besides actors are not satisfied with the role various actors play in Amsterdam. This Thesis describes the divers and changing role of UA in Amsterdam and how the situation is now.
In accordance with the “2040 Energy Strategy” Amsterdam must strive to achieve a 75% reduction in CO2 by 2040 by a set of targets and strategies to abate climate change and fossil-fuel dependency. In 2025, 25% of Amsterdam’s electricity needs will be generated sustainably within the city boundaries. However, the current share of sustainable energy production in Amsterdam is around 5.8%. Therefore, a transition towards a larger share of Renewable Energy Technologies within the city boundaries is considered necessary for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The Dutch literature suggests that Energy Cooperatives can stimulate the energy transition towards decentralised production and consumption of renewable energy. Besides, RET capacity is needed in Amsterdam in order to address the climate problem. Public-Private-Community-Partnerships (PPCP) may represent an option for fulfilling the mentioned goal, by collaborating in metropolitan solutions among the three parties. This thesis studies PPCP as a way of tripartite collaboration for the co-provision of the renewable energy system in Amsterdam by means of Renewable Energy Technologies in the Energy Cooperatives studied. It presents a theoretical construction for the PPCP, which was used as a framework for analysis and also for providing theoretical answers to the meaning and concept of ‘PPCP’. The PPCP framework is used to analyse how the Community sector together with the public and private sectors co-provide the renewable energy system. The focus of the study are the Energy Cooperatives in terms of ownership and management of RET and the possible forms of collaboration with the public and private sectors. Then, by analysing six case studies from Amsterdam it was concluded that in Amsterdam there exist tripartite relationships ‘PPCP’. Besides the tripartite PPCP, also bilateral relationships were found in which the community sector is a partner and these may represent opportunities to develop further tripartite PPCP.