Colloquium

Linking people and landscapes: Analysing deforestation trends and their drivers in REDD+ subnational initiatives

Organisator Laboratory of Geo-information Science and Remote Sensing
Datum

do 21 juni 2018 10:00 tot 10:30

Locatie Lumen, building number 100
Droevendaalsesteeg 3a
100
6708 PB Wageningen
+31 317 481 700
Zaal/kamer 1

By Juultje Blom (the Netherlands)

Abstract
The performance evaluations of interventions in REDD+ subnational initiatives have relied for a large part on deforestation measurements based on household interviews. In this study, self-reported deforestation trends were compared to remotely sensed, i.e. monitored deforestation trends. This analysis was performed for five subnational initiatives in Brazil, Peru (at the household and village level) Tanzania, Indonesia and Vietnam (at the village level). In half of the villages (n=37), the self-reported deforestation trend was similar to what was monitored. The discrepancies between the two acquisition methods often involved more self-reported deforestation than monitored deforestation. Discrepancies can be attributed to both data sources, which has implications for measuring the performance of REDD+ interventions. In all study areas, deforestation was modelled using the random forest method. The socioeconomic drivers; distance to agriculture, distance to roads and distance to waterways were most important in predicting deforestation. Variograms of the false negative model residuals were computed, and the residuals were mapped and visually analysed. The variograms suggest that missing drivers have spatial correlation up to a range of 200 meters, indicating that predictors not included in the models are local drivers of deforestation. Spatially explicit data for cattle ranching in Brazil, oil palm plantations in Indonesia and unknown drivers in rural areas of Vietnam would improve these models.

Keywords: REDD+; self-reporting; remote sensing monitoring; deforestation drivers; random forest; spatial patterns; variogram analysis