More opportunities for aquifer thermal energy storage
Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) is applied world-wide to provide heating and cooling to buildings. Application of ATES, instead of traditional heating and cooling installations, reduces primary energy consumption and related CO2 emissions. Intensified use of the subsurface for thermal applications requires more accurate methods to measure and predict the development of thermal plumes in the subsurface related to thermal interference between systems and address issues concerning subsurface urban planning and wide spread presence of contaminants in urban groundwater systems. Research at Wageningen University and Deltares shows that new monitoring methods and planning of large-scale systems enable to intensify the use of ATES by up to 30-40% more energy storage.