Food security has been high on the agendas of European policymakers in recent years, whereby debates about food security have been characterized by high degrees of complexity, uncertainty and controversies. Although European politicians repeatedly committed themselves to strengthening the coherence of existing policies, this dissertation shows that these promises have hardly been fulfilled. The research shows that even though the EU institutions, and particularly the Commission, are relatively well-capable of dealing with the complexity and controversies surrounding food security, the world food price crises of 2007-8 and 2010 were not followed by substantial changes of policy processes and outputs. Food security functions as a ‘consensus frame’ that all stakeholders involved deploy to legitimate or criticize existing policies, but that has seldom been a genuine concern for policymaking. In addition, possibilities for strengthening policy integration have been limited as a result of compartmentalization and conflicting interests. Consequently, the dissertation ends with a plea for ‘good enough governance’ and ‘clumsy solutions’.