By Wintia Arindina (Indonesia)
Open government initiatives are prominent after Indonesia incorporated with the other seven countries (USA, Brazil, Philippines, UK, Mexico, Norway and South Africa) to establish open government partnership. The realization of the open government movement demands the open data portal as a platform to open and share the governmental data. This research identifies Bandung data portal in supporting Bandung government tasks as the data provider for governmental apps and improving the decision-making as well as the public services. Moreover, this research evaluates its openness level and quality to see if the openness aspect can influence the usability of Bandung data portal. The interview with Bandung government offices has been used to gain the insights of the current condition of Bandung data portal implementation. The adjusted method by Veljković, Bogdanović-Dinić, & Stoimenov (2014) has been used to calculate the openness of the Bandung portal. The results show that Bandung data portal has a good data openness level with 86.75% openness index. However, the percentage does not represent the usability of Bandung data portal since there are still significant problems that are happening in the Bandung city. The problems mainly happen in data, infrastructure, governance system, regulation, and open data awareness sector. Further, the research analyzes why the openness index does not delineate the reality in the Bandung city. The analysis results indicate that the governance system, funding (part of infrastructure), and open data awareness are the problems that are not embraced by the OGD principles. Additionally, the research also provides some insights on how Bandung government can improve and deal with the problems according to the correlation between identified problems and OGD principles. Further to this research, it is recommended to do more research on formulating the principles that are suitable for assessing the open data portal and comparing the results how its principles work in different local government in Indonesia.
Keywords: Open government; open government data; open data portal; Bandung government; openness index calculation.