By Ir. B. Bolman
Aquaculture, seaweed farms, windmill parks, oil &gas drilling, mining, tourism etc. How do all these upcoming activities change the view of our marine environment? What are the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of our seas and oceans?
World fish stocks are declining and anthropogenic activities such as fisheries are increasing. According to FAO 100 million tons of fish are produced annually from fisheries; and already 60 million tons from aquaculture. Which looks like good news: more fish proteins thanks to aquaculture! But numerous challenges lie behind fish production from aquaculture. What are the origins of feed and how can its ingredients be sourced sustainably? How do fish species and production systems influence the ratio between the use of feed and the effectiveness of fish production? What are the potential effects on livelihoods and environments? After this first part about aquaculture, Bolman will take up the theme of the entire series and sketch a possible future of our oceans in 2050.
About Bas Bolman
Bas Bolman is a business developer and consultant at LEI. Bolman has a Master’s degree from Wageningen University in international marine resource management. In 2007 he worked in Chile to find explanations for the fast growth of the salmon sector. He also focused on conflicts between NGOs and shellfish fisheries in the Wadden Sea. For two years he worked for the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, setting up public-private partnerships to work towards innovative techniques for reduced fuel consumption and ecological effects in fisheries and aquaculture. From 2010-2014 he worked for IMARES where he has established the Arctic Programme. Projects under this programme primarily focus on anthropogenic pressures on livelihoods and environments. Since 2014 he works for LEI, where he contributes to the Aquaculture Programme. Bolman is responsible for building alliances and partnerships with the international aquaculture industry, NGOs and governments to enable sustainable development of aquaculture in Africa and Asia.