Genomic architecture of selection for adaptation to challenging environments in Aquaculture


Aquaculture is a sustainable way to meet the increased human demand for animal food. However, sustainability is threatened by the increasing effects of climate change, such as salinity due to drought and flooding, acidification of seawater due to carbon dioxide uptake, and oxygen shortages caused by any combination of the above that could result in algal blooms. My thesis focuses on three major environmental factors: dissolved oxygen, salinity, and temperature, which primarily are determined in aquaculture. The aim of this thesis is to provide an insight into the genomic architecture of adaptation to challenging environments of aquaculture species under farming conditions and further accelerate the marker-assisted selection.