Understanding the potential role of agroecology as a promising solution to the current agriculture development challenges (such as low productivity and rapid depletion of natural resources) is crucial for many sub-Saharan countries. This is because agroecology has always played an essential role in conserving and restoring highly degraded lands in many Sahelian regions. The main actors supporting the promotion of agroecology are NGOs and farmers organizations (FOs). These actors promote agroecology by establishing joint relations where the NGOs assist FOs to disseminate sets of agroecological techniques to their members. This research contributes to debates on the roles of farmers’ organizations (FOs) as innovation intermediaries in the development and implementation of agroecology with a particular focus on the Burkina Faso context.