The goal of the Indonesian government is to achieve self-sufficiency in beef production to reduce the dependency on imported live cattle and beef products. Nowadays, 32% of the total national cattle herd lives in East-Java and therefore the aim of this research is to analyse the local supply to the beef market in Malang, East-Java.
To analyse the local beef supply, this research will focus on the stakeholders and the productivity of bulls along the value chain. Data were collected from farm visits (= 40) and measurements on bulls (= 230). Farmers were subdivided into smallholder breeders (Malang regency), smallholder fatteners (Malang kota and Batu kota) and commercial fatteners (Mojosari feedlot). Measurements on bulls were age, chest girth and when possible weight by scale.
When comparing the differences between the farming systems, the purpose of keeping cattle was the same, while the main job and number of head of cattle were different between the smallholder farming systems. Furthermore, a weight gap of bulls from breeders to fatteners is present. Presumably, feeders should be included in the value chain to feed the bulls from 300 kilograms till 450 kilograms. The productivity of smallholder breeders is dependent on the number of breeding cattle, number of offspring per cow and the growth performance of the calves. The inter calving interval is 15.2 months. The productivity of fatteners is dependent on the ADWG of bulls. Bulls from smallholder fatteners in Malang kota had an average daily weight gain (ADWG) of 409 gram, while bulls from the feedlot had an ADWG of 1,016 gram.
To reach self-sufficiency, the productivity of smallholders needs to increase. However, this resulted in a higher beef supply the first few year, but a shortage of bulls in the long term. So, more breeding cows and calves are needed to improve the local beef supply.
Student: MG Kok
Supervisor: dr ir S Oosting