Onderwerp scriptie

Constraints and opportunities for smallholder farmers to participate in poultry contract farming in Goromonzi district, Zimbabwe - Makanyara Kayonza

The study aim was to analyse the constraints and opportunities for smallholder communal and small scale resettled contract and non-contract poultry producers in Goromonzi district in Zimbabwe. A literature review was performed and data was collected from 40 smallholder poultry farmers, six key informants and four focus groups.

The study aim was to analyse the constraints and opportunities for smallholder communal and small scale resettled contract and non-contract poultry producers in Goromonzi district in Zimbabwe. A literature review was performed and data was collected from 40 smallholder poultry farmers (quantitative data), six key informants and four focus groups (qualitative data). Data of farmers with and without a contract was compared using Chi-square, one way ANOVA, Fisher’s exact test and independent sample t- test.

The results showed that contract growers had large poultry size and more annual gross income compared to non-contract growers in the small-scale A2 resettled system. Access to arable land, lack of start-up capital and poor infrastructure were major constraints participating in contract farming in both production systems. Access to more arable land and poor market structures were bottleneck problem in the communal and small-scale A2 resettled producers, respectively. Nearness to the capital city, rapid urbanization and population growth, increased demand for chicken products were identified as opportunities for participating in contract farming. Participation in contract farming increased annual gross income and poultry size especially in the small-scale-A2 resettled system. Those in contract farming had more chances to continue producing throughout the year compared to non-contract growers.

It was concluded that contract farming was one of the mechanisms with the potential to commercialise smallholder agriculture. However, different approaches should be adopted when implementing contract farming schemes as its successes depends on the type of commodity and type of production system.


Student: M Kayonza

Supervisor: dr ir S Oosting

36 Ects