One of the potential non-ruminant livestock resources in Banten Province is duck. There is a big challenge to develop duck production since it is mostly done traditionally which results in low productivity. The overall objective of the present study was to get insights into duck production systems in Banten Province.
The research question was "What are the characteristics and the contributions of duck production systems from economic and social perspectives for smallholders' livelihood?". The study was conducted in Serang Regency with 43 respondents who were individually interviewed using a questionnaire. Data collected were household characteristics and technical, economic and social aspects of duck production systems. Economic indicators such as costs, benefits, gross margin and contribution of duck production to household income were calculated. To get the social role of duck production systems, respondents' appraisal on keeping ducks were assessed. Qualitative data were analyzed descriptively. The quantitative data were analyzed using Kruskall-Wallis test.
Four duck production systems in the study areas were fully yarded-small scale system (DPS 1), fully yarded-large scale system (DPS 2), combination of yarded and scavenging system (DPS 3) and combination of herded, scavenging and yarded system (DPS 4). DPS 2 had the highest flock size 900.0 (s.e. 100.00) heads, while the lowest was 36.5 (s.e. 10.43) heads in DPS 1. The highest family labor time was 7.0 (s.e. 0.48) hours/hh/day in DPS 4 and the lowest was 2.0 (s.e. 1.00) hours/hh/day in DPS 2. From the economic perspective, duck production systems contributed to smallholders’ livelihoods. In some cases, it only gave small contribution to the households' income (10.2% in DPS 3) or even negative contribution (-5.3% in DPS 1), but in other cases, it resulted in good output (76.0% in DPS 2 and 59.6% in DPS 4). From the social perspective, duck production had livelihood supporting functions, such as saving, slaughtering for religious festivities and households' consumption. These roles strengthened its existence.
In the long term, these systems might shift to other systems in order to meet the future situation, but the role of duck production in smallholders livelihood will likely remain important.
Student: M Chrisye Hadiatry
Supervisor: dr ir S Oosting