Fabio Homero Diniz: From landless to forestless? Settlers, livelihoods and forest dynamics in the Brazilian Amazon

Promotie

Fabio Homero Diniz: From landless to forestless? Settlers, livelihoods and forest dynamics in the Brazilian Amazon

Hundreds of thousands of families have settled in the Brazilian Amazon within the Agrarian Reform Program (ARP), the rationale being to enable settlers to earn their living by small-scale farming and produce an agricultural surplus for sale.

Promovendus F (Fabio) Homero Diniz MSc
Promotor prof.dr. BJM (Bas) Arts
Copromotor dr.ir. MA (Marjanke) Hoogstra-Klein
Organisatie Wageningen University, Wageningen School of Social Sciences (WASS), Forest and Nature Conservation Policy
Datum

di 18 juni 2013 11:00 tot 12:30

Locatie Auditorium, building number 362
Generaal Foulkesweg 1
362
6703 BG Wageningen
0317-483592
The requirements of the Brazilian Forestry Code (80% of forest ‘untouched’ at property level) are incompatible with sustainable livelihoods within the agrarian reform settlements in the Brazilian Amazon.
Fabio Homero Diniz

This research investigated how settlers make their living; how their activities and practices affect forest cover changes; and how future prospects for both, i.e. people and forest, are envisioned. The research produced five key messages: 1) small farmers within the studied area are achieving livelihood security through on- and off-farm income; 2) there is a strong trade-off between livelihood security and environmental sustainability; 3) settlers’ contribution to deforestation is less than often assumed; 4) policies strongly affect the settlers’ realities; hence their views are crucial for effective policymaking; and 5) livelihood trajectories and forest dynamics models are more appropriate to capture the realities of the human–environment systems than livelihoods as snapshots and unidirectional deforestation models.