The study aimed at clarifying some parts of the complex picture, focusing on the relationship between host communities and refugees in terms of livestock production in East Sudan.
Many elements form and affect the contemporary agricultural sector of Sudan, specifically the livestock production. One element is the protracted caseload of refugees from neighbouring countries. The study aimed at clarifying some parts of the complex picture, focusing on the relationship, including potential subsequent affect, between host communities and refugees in terms of livestock production in East Sudan. Current study was primarily based on qualitative and secondary data. Qualitative data was derived through semi-structured interviews. Supporting material was derived through secondary data from recent reports and studies performed in Sudan. Main findings were that the livestock sector of Sudan is changing towards more mixed herd compositions and increased preference for sheep instead of cattle. Moreover, activities targeting livestock production by displaced people were found to be scarce. Interaction, for livestock production purposes, was indicated between host population and displaced populations in Kassala State. Reliable and detailed data about the livestock production sector was limited and very difficult to obtain at all, especially regarding the displaced populations in East Sudan. The livestock producing sector of Sudan was shown to be traditionally divided with traditional systems in rural areas and limited large-scale modern production systems in urban areas. The refugee- and asylum seeking population of Sudan, in Kassala State particularly, have the potential of playing a larger and more important role for the livestock sector, if certain challenges are removed. Main challenges for the entire livestock sector, including the displaced population holding livestock, are management of scarce resources, poor infrastructure hindering trade, poorly institutionalized systems of governmental bodies and authorities necessary to support further development.
Student: AMS Johansson
Supervisor: dr ir S Oosting