Onderwerp scriptie

Opportunities and constraints for smallholder dairy production in Tigray regional state, northern Ethiopia - Tsegay Tkue Gebrewahd

This study focused on identifying constraints and options for smallholder dairy production in the Mekelle and Wukro districts of Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Data were collected from 60 smallholder dairy producers, 60 milk consumers, 12 dairy cooperatives, 2 experts from the Bureau of Agriculture and Rural development, and from group discussions.

This study focused on identifying constraints and options for smallholder dairy production in the Mekelle and Wukro districts of Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Data were collected from 60 smallholder dairy producers, 60 milk consumers, 12 dairy cooperatives, 2 experts from the Bureau of Agriculture and Rural development, and from group discussions. The dairy producers were market-oriented, that earn money from milk sales, and livestock was the main source of income for 88 % of the dairy producers. Dairy cows contributed for a major extent to the income of the dairy producers (Mekelle 100 % and Wukro 62 %). A total of 321 dairy cows were owned by the smallholder dairy producers, and 86.9 % of these were cross bred with good milk production potential. The majority of dairy producers kept dairy cows within the family’s residence compound due to lack of farming land. Stall feeding was the dominant feeding system, and this indicates dairy production in the areas is relatively intensive. Feed shortage was a problem in the study districts; as a result smallholder dairy producers in Mekelle and Wukro paid averages of 1419.7 ± 281.3 and 2121.7 ± 229.2 Birr/month respectively, for purchasing animal feeds. The majority of the dairy producers choose Artificial insemination (AI), and this indicates their awareness to cow breeding is relatively developed. The majority of the dairy producers preferred cross bred cows, due to their high milk production potential. The majority (68 %) of the milk consumers preferred milk from local cows for consumption, and this may affect the value of cross bred cows. Milk was marketed informally, and five different milk marketing channels were identified. The producers to consumers channel was dominant over the others. Generally, shortage of feed, land for dairy and crop production, lack of milk market outlet especially during the fasting period, and lack of credit services were the main constraints for smallholder dairy production in the study areas. Therefore, solving these constraints is very crucial for the dairy development and improving the livelihood of the dairy producers.

Student: TT Gebrewahd

Supervisor: dr ir S Oosting

36 Ects