Joop Harmsen and others have published this article in Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management.
Contaminated sediments can pose serious threats to human health and the environment by acting as a source of toxic chemicals. The amendment of contaminated sediments with strong sorbents like activated C (AC) is a rapidly developing strategy to manage contaminated sediments. To date, a great deal of attention has been paid to the technical and ecological features and implications of sediment remediation with AC, although science in this field still is rapidly evolving. This article aims to provide an update on the recent literature on these features, and for the first time provides a comparison of sediment remediation with AC to other sediment management options, emphasizing their full-scale application. First, a qualitative overview of advantages and disadvantages of current alternatives to remediate contaminated sediments is presented. Subsequently, AC treatment technology is critically reviewed, including current understanding of the effectiveness and ecological safety for the use of AC in natural systems. Finally, this information is used to provide a novel framework for supporting decisions concerning sediment remediation and beneficial reuse.
Darya Kupryianchyk, Magdalena Rakowska, Danny Reible, Joop Harmsen, Gerard Cornelissen, Marc van Veggel, Sarah E Hale, Tim Grotenhuis, and Albert A Koelmans, Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management — Volume 11, Number 2—pp. 221–234