The Central Asian region comprised of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are low income, agrarian societies and net importers of grains and some other food crops. Agricultural potential is strongly limited by unfavourable natural and weather conditions, and a noticeable degree of erosion and soil degradation, also resulting from the intensive production methods adopted during the Soviet era that are still used today.
Agriculture in the region is vulnerable to climate change. Adaptation strategies to manage climate, such as more effective use of inputs, particularly of water, require financial means the majority of farmers do not have. In the coming ten to twenty years, Central Asia's susceptibility to the effects of climate change will be determined by socio-economic factors and the legacy of the past that saw wide-spread environmental mismanagement and neglect of infrastructure rather than by climate change itself.
Read the full issue brief "Agricultural potential and food security in Central Asia in the light of climate change"