Indonesian smallholders start sustainable intensification of dairy production

Published on
December 7, 2016

In October 2016 the project Sustainable Intensification of Dairy Production in Indonesia (SIDPI) officially kicked off. SIDPI aims to develop practical solutions for smallholder dairy farmers in West Java to sustainably increase farm productivity and improve farmer incomes, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving resource use efficiency. Solutions for the smallholder dairy systems are focussed on improving their manure, feeding, and animal management practices. In the project, Wageningen Livestock Research partners with the local dairy cooperative KPSBU Jabar, Frisian Flag Indonesia and Royal FrieslandCampina, Trouw Nutrition International (a Nutreco Company), and IPB University of Bogor.

Kick-off and Advisory Board meeting

Project partners officially kicked-off in a meeting on October 6, including the signing a letter of commitment with the dairy cooperative KPSBU Jabar, Lembang. After that, the SIDPI Advisory Board had their first meeting. The Board is chaired by Mr. Sybren Attema of Royal FrieslandCampina, and currently consists of Mrs. Lini Wollenberg, (CCAFS Low Emissions Development Program leader), Mrs. Lucie Wassink (Dutch Embassy Indonesia), Mr. Nabil Chinniah (PT Trouw Nutrition Indonesia), Prof. Mohamad Yamin (IPB
Fac. of Animal Sciences), with the secretariat at Ms. Marion de Vries
(Wageningen Livestock Research).

The next day, project partners and members of the Advisory Board visited typical smallholder dairy farms in the project area in Lembang, West-Java, with different types of manure management and feeding practices.

Filling bags with processed manure for sale
Filling bags with processed manure for sale

Field visit

The first visit led to a landless farm, as most farms in West-Java have little or no land for forage production. This makes forage supply and quality throughout the year a challenge. Besides this, on many landless farms, manure is disposed into the environment, severely polluting water streams and rivers while only a small part is utilised for crop production. The landless farm visited, however, sold the cattle manure to a manure collector, who converts the manure into compost. To this end, collected manure is dried and mixed with Lembang soil and ashes, and sold as a fertilizer for large-scale users; mainly governments (botanical gardens/forests), and flower farms (e.g. roses). The manure collection point was visited as well.

The second farm visited was a land-based farm producing their own forage, and applying manure to their own land and to the land of neighbouring flower farmer. Most of the manure was slurry of which part was fed to a biodigester before distribution by pipes to the grasslands and the neighbouring flower houses. The owner previously sold manure to vegetable farmers, but these farmers switched to using poultry manure

KPSBU pilot farm for knowledge development and dissemination

The field trip ended at the pilot farm of the dairy cooperative KPSBU Jabar. This farm will play a leading role in developing, demonstrating and disseminating the improved practices for manure, feeding, and animal management. Slurry from the dairy cattle is directly applied to the field with elephant grass downhill via several pipes. Part of the slurry is first fed to a bio-digester.

SIDPI is an activity of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), with financial support of the Dutch government. We acknowledge the CGIAR Fund Council, Australia (ACIAR), Irish Aid, European Union, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Netherlands, New Zealand, Switzerland, UK, USAID and Thailand for funding to the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).