In response to the expiration of the transitory restrictions imposed on agricultural land acquisitions by foreigners, governments in Central and Eastern Europe have introduced new rules governing land sales transactions. Since direct restrictions on foreign investors would now be illegal under the EU treaties, the desire to preserve the status quo has resulted in limited access to land not only for foreigners but also for some groups of domestic investors.
Imposing restrictions via particularized institutions
In this study, we analyze land market regulations adopted in Latvia, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia. We argue that these new regulations create particularized or non-inclusive institutions. We also argue that the new land market regulations will likely result in reduced competition and thus affect land prices, sale transactions, and access to land. The market impacts are different across the four countries due to the heterogeneity in the newly adopted regulations.