Dutch roses can’n always guarantee a vase life of seven days. A study was conducted in the winters 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 in eight roos nurseries in order to find ways to improve the vase life in the critical period (winter). Four nurseries cultivated the variety Red Naomi! and four Avalanche+. For the study collaborated growers, FloraHolland, Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture and Wageningen UR LEI. Financial support was granted by the Topsector T & U (Ministry of EL & I).
The vase life of the roses varied between 3.5 and 17.7 days. Differences were found among the growers in vase life, bud opening, the occurrence of leaf and Botrytis problems, and the Botrytis spore pressure in the greenhouse.
An explanation for these differences is found in greenhouse climate parameters: For Red Naomi! a decrease in vase life is explained mainly by high average humidity and little temperature fluctuations > 1°C . For Avalanche+ the differences in vase life are explained by the length of the dark period and the RV: the longer the dark period, and the lower the RH, the better the vase life.
Bud opening is in both varieties explained and negatively impacted by RV’s higher than 93%.
The vase life results are representative of the average quality of Dutch roses, as they correlate well with those of the FloraHolland project “vase life tested”. This correlation will be useful for the proposed implementation in practice.