3.3 Operationalization of a global one health approach for emerging risks preparedness

To tackle health threats, nature-based solutions that benefit biosecurity and sustainable food production are preferred. It is important to define health broadly and consider both infectious and non-infectious diseases or conditions as they all impact health. For example, important non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are increasing in low- and middle-income countries highlighting the need for prevention of NCDs as part of strategies to reduce poverty and associated social and health inequalities. Zoonosis that have been recognized in the etiology of NCDs, are linked with food safety issues, such as the environment–feed–food chain and toxic exposures of food producing animals. 

A global one-health approach will be needed for effective global change adaptation, climate change mitigation and the control of biodiversity loss. The health of humans, animals and plants, and of the larger environment we live in, are related. To safeguard the health of humans, animals, and plants within sustainable ecosystems, a systems approach will be needed.  The operationalization of Nature-Based-Solution (NBS)-driven One Health asks for the multi-actor approach (MAA), which involves a multidisciplinary/multisectoral team composed of farmers, farmers’ associations, academic, government, public and private institutions that exploit social innovations to reach sustainable change in public awareness, policies and practices to allow the implementation of sustainable food production practices.