Procedures used by CGN for seed requests
CGN distributes seeds to any professional user for the purposes of breeding, research and/or education. Information concerning the user and the request is treated confidentially. Due to the phytosanitary requirements relevant to some material, the total timespan between initial request and final delivery may take several weeks.
Who can request seeds?
Plant genetic resources are meant to be used. CGN provides germplasm to professional users, including public and private sector users and breeding companies, research organisations and organisations of farmers or growers. While CGN would like to make the germplasm available to all users, for economic reasons CGN will generally not fulfil requests for private use. Requests for large numbers of samples are discussed with the requester to examine the motivations for the prospected use in these cases.
Material Transfer Agreement (MTA)
If you wish to obtain germplasm from CGN, a Material Transfer Agreement (MTA) must be signed by an authorised person of your organisation. Usually the Standard Material Transfer Agreement (SMTA) of the Multilateral System of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is used. More information about the SMTA can be found on the website of the ABS Focal Point.
Signing an MTA is part of the online seed request procedure. When requesting material, the contact details of both the requester and the person authorised to sign the SMTA are required (including the shipping address). The authorised signer will receive an email with a link to the digital contract to be signed. After signing the MTA, both the requester and the authorised signer receive a PDF copy of the request, which includes the signed MTA and a list of the requested material. After CGN has received the completed and signed copy of the MTA (online clickwrap version or hard copy), you will receive the requested germplasm as soon as possible. This may take several weeks.
In exceptional cases, it is possible to follow a “hard copy procedure”. In this case, the MTA needs to be signed on paper that will be sent to you by mail. After the signed MTA has been returned to CGN, the germplasm is sent.
The more we know about our collection, the more targeted future users can select material. Therefore we request users to return their evaluation results to CGN. An embargo on the availability of those results for a limited number of years can be agreed upon.
In case the material is subsequently passed on to other users, one has to consult the text of the MTA (usually the SMTA) to determine whether restrictions apply. The SMTA requires recipients of CGN's germplasm to adhere to the principle of free availability. Protection of intellectual property is not restricted by the SMTA when the material is the result of breeding efforts, even if the source material includes germplasms obtained from CGN. More information on intellectual property is found on the ABS Focal Point.
Plant passport and import requirements
The seed shipments need to meet the (plant health) import requirements of the receiving country. The EU regulations for all EU countries are known to CGN. Within the EU, including the Netherlands, only a plant passport is required for a number of crops. For germplasm of these crops, CGN will enclose a plant passport visible on the outside of the mail package. More information regarding the plant passport is available on the website of the NVWA (in Dutch).
Most non-EU countries use a system of import permits. The requirements differ per crop and per country. An import permit can be obtained from the National Plant Protection Organization (likely employed by the Ministry of Agriculture in your country). If required, it is important to send us the permit as soon as possible.
The Phytosanitary Certificate is requested (in the Netherlands) from the National Plant Protection Organization in the Netherlands (NPPO-NL) by CGN. It confirms that the material meets the specific requirements of the importing country as defined in the import permit. For faster processing of seed requests, send a copy of the import permit to CGN in advance by email. This allows CGN to request a Phytosanitary Certificate more quickly.
In some countries a small amount of seeds for scientific purposes can be imported without an import permit. Please check with your National Plant Protection Organization. If an import permit is not required, please notify CGN so a Phytosanitary Certificate can be requested without having to wait for the import permit.
Seed delivery awaits the MTA procedure which, if necessary, is followed by the request of a Phytosanitary Certificate or Plant Passport (within the EU) from NPPO-NL. As soon as all documents are available, CGN dispatches the seeds to the user. The total timespan between initial request and final delivery may take several weeks.
CGN does not charge any handling fees. However, in case of requests for detailed information or additional documents, CGN may charge the potential user of the material for the additional costs, at the discretion of CGN.