Developing integrated adaptation options to achieve SGD 2 & 6 in the Indus basin

PhD research by Wouter Smolenaars

Research challenges

    • Quantitative insight into the combined effect of climatic- and socio-economic change on food security in the Indus basin is lacking;
    • The potential of upscaling climate-smart innovations to jointly achieve food- and water security is currently unclear;
    • The impact of large scale adaptation of agriculture in the Indus basin on water-food-energy nexus is not well understood.


Methods overview
Methods overview

Expected results

    • Basin-scale, stake-holder supported insight into future water- and food security;
    • Adaptation pathways that balance the pursuit of water- and food security on the basin-scale;
    • An integrated assessment of the trade-offs and synergies of adaptation measures from a nexus-perspective.