Alternative methods of pasteurization for human milk preservation.
Breast milk is considered to be the best form of nutrition for infants and neonates. When mother’s own milk is unavailable or insufficient, donor human milk represents the best alternative. Before it can be safely stored in a freezer until use, donor milk needs to be processed, currently by holder pasteurization. However, this method raises some important questions regarding the effects of storage, handling and heat processing on the unique milk components. High-Temperature-Short-time (HTST), High Pressure Processing (HPP), (thermo-)ultrasonic processing, Pulsed Electric Fields (PEF), and Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation have been proposed as alternatives but further research is needed to demonstrate their efficiency.