ISSD Myanmar, a four-year (2017-2020) programme on Integrated Seed Sector Development coordinated by Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation, aims to contribute to food security and climate resilience of smallholder farmers in Myanmar's Dry Zone. We aim to improve smallholder farmer access and uptake of quality seed of improved and well adapted varieties. This will lead to a sustainable increase in agricultural productivity.
Programme interventions focus on:
- Increasing local availability of quality seed at an affordable price to smallholder farmers
- Increasing business performance of 'early generation seed' producing seed farms
- Improving seed sector coordination
The programme targets to reach 75,500 smallholders farmers with locally available quality seed of well adapted varieties. A total of 180 local seed business and six seed companies will engage in the production and dissemination of 3,375 metric tons of quality seed of rice, food legumes and oils seed crops.
Seed sector development
Seed is a key driver for increasing agricultural productivity. The inherent characteristics of varieties and the quality of the seed determine to a large extent the yield potential and the capacity of the crop to withstand shocks like drought and diseases. At the moment, there is a lack of access to good quality seed for farmers in Myanmar. This seriously restricts the growth of the agricultural sector.
Increasing agricultural productivity
With a focus of the programme activities on increasing the business orientation and technical capacity of the seed farms, local seed businesses and domestic and international private seed companies we expect that much higher volumes of quality seed of improved and farmer preferred varieties will reach smallholder farmers. It is in this area we believe the biggest impact can be made in terms of increasing agricultural productivity, improving food security and increase resiliency to the adverse impact of climate change.
The ISSD Myanmar programme is developed along the prioritise of the recently developed Road Map for Seed Sector Development in Myanmar (2017-2020), in which important action agendas are taken up on strengthening seed sector coordination, promoting private seed sector development and supporting public-private collaboration.
The programme is implemented by a consortium of four organisations and is funded by DGIS. The consortium consists of two Dutch partners: Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation (overall coordination) and Resilience B.V. The two consortium partners in Myanmar are the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation of Myanmar (MOALI) and Welthungerhilfe (WHH).
Myanmar's Dry Zone
The programme limits itself to four regions in the Dry Zone: Bago East, Nay Pyi Taw, Mandalay and Sagaing; and focuses on the three most important crop groups in the Dry Zone: rice, legumes and oilseeds.