PhD project by Simon Fraval. Variation in livelihoods between communities may be strongly influenced by agro-climatic conditions, market opportunities and infrastructure. The aim of this project is to provide a nuanced understanding of livelihood dynamics and the resulting nutrition related outcomes in landholding rural households of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
The first and overarching objective of this research is to provide a nuanced understanding of livelihood dynamics and the resulting nutrition related outcomes in landholding rural households in predominantly mixed crop-livestock agricultural systems of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The related hypothesis is that variation in livelihoods between communities are strongly influenced by agro-climatic conditions, market opportunities and infrastructure. It is also hypothesised that particular livelihood combinations adopted within communities result in better nutrition related outcomes. Understanding the context-specific differences in the relationship between livelihood dynamics and nutrition outcomes will be essential to inform future policies and direct interventions.
The second objective is to improve the methodological basis on which this thesis and relat ed research depends. As such, the research also seeks to 1) develop a tool to perform household level surveys, including ways to collect data and derive indicators relevant to the overarching objective, and 2) evaluate the quality of data collected using comparable multi-topic survey tools. The related hypotheses to this objective is that existing survey tools can be critically evaluated for on-going improvement in reliability and credibility