The concept of ecosystem services (ES) provides a powerful way of examining the interaction between ecosystems and human well-being. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, TEEB and the Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) have brought the concepts into broader environmental planning and policy arenas. The ideas are now seen as relevant in European regulatory frameworks and policies for biodiversity, resource efficiency, sustainable land and water use, climate change mitigation, ecosystem restoration and the design of green infrastructure, as well as sustainable economic development.
Despite progress in understanding the links between NC and the socio-economic benefits and aspects of human well-being that depend on the flow of ES, research and application are still largely exploratory. Further conceptual and empirical work is needed to translate the concepts into operational frameworks that provide tested, practical and tailored solutions for integrating ES into management and decision-making. We also need to understand how the concepts can be embedded in existing practice, or used to transform current management and policy approaches. OpenNESS will develop innovative and practical ways of applying the ideas of ecosystem services (ESS) and natural capital (NC) in land, water and urban management. It will identify how, where and when the concepts can most effectively be applied to solve ecological and economic problems and contribute to sustainable human welfare. To do this, it will work with public and private decision makers and stakeholders to better understand the range of policy and management problems faced in different case study contexts (ranging across locales, sectors, scales and time).
DeliverablesWithin the entire OPEnNESS proposal the involvement of WUR focusses on the following products:
- Develop method to analyse the contribution of Natural Capital to Ecosytem Services Flows
- Develop methods for investigating the effects of multiple drivers on ES supply
- Framework for integration of valuation methods to assess conservation policies
- Guidelines for use of monetary and non-monetary valuation in specific policy contexts
- Development of the (software) knowledge system ‘Menu of Multi Scale Solutions’ to be implemented within BISE
The deliverables of the project include a series of scientific papers to be submitted to the journal Ecosystem Services (Editor-in-Chief: Leon Braat) and the International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services and Management (Editor-in-Chief: Dolf de Groot).
Are forest disturbances amplifying or canceling out climate change-induced productivity changes in European forests?
Environmental Research Letters 12 (2017)3. - ISSN 1748-9326
Link between Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
In: OpenNESS Ecosystem Services Reference Book. / , Potschin, M., Jax, K.. - : s.n.
Data integration technologies to support integrated modelling
In: Proceedings of the MODSIM 2013, 20th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. - - p. 845 - 851.
Applying the Land Use Functions framework for spatial assessment of land mutifunctionality and impacts of land
In: European Land Use Patterns / , Banski, J., Carcia-Blanco, G.. - Warszawa : Committee of rural areas Polish Geographical Society (Series Rural Studies 32) - ISBN 9788362089215 - p. 119 - 168.
Building an operational system for crop monitoring and yield forecasting in Morocco
In: Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Agro-Geoinformatics: Information for Sustainable Agriculture, 12-16 August 2013, Fairfax, VA, USA. - - p. 466 - 469.
Quantifying the effects of climate extremes on the future yield gap
The policy-relevancy of impact assessment tools: Evaluating nine years of European research funding
Environmental Science & Policy 31 (2013). - ISSN 1462-9011 - p. 85 - 95.
Bridging the gap between modellers and model users, why does this gap exist and what can we do about it?
In: Proceedings of the sixth biannial meeting of the International Environmental Modelling and Software Society. - Leipzig - ISBN 9788890357428 - p. 1936 - 1943.
A generic data schema for crop experiment data in food security research
In: Proceedings of the sixth biannial meeting of the International Environmental Modelling and Software Society. - Leipzig - ISBN 9788890357428 - p. 2447 - 2454.
Dairy Farming and Newt Habitat: How Shocks in Milk Prices Influence the Optimal Design of Water Retention Policies