Our crude oil and natural gas reserves are finite. Alternatives will be needed for the energy and materials that we now get from crude oil. Plants can be a good alternative. They are well able to make connections that contain nitrogen and oxygen, next to carbon and hydrogen (such as the typical petrochemical hydrocarbons).
Controlling the routes of biosynthesis in plants to achieve interesting platform-chemicals is still very difficult. The aim of this project is to achieve overproduction of amino-acids and organic acids in plants. Caprolactam (building block for the production of Nylon-6) and itaconic acid are chosen for further examination.