African horse sickness is a serious threat to horses in North West Europe. APP is transmitted by midges. An outbreak will have major impact on society; 50-90% of the infected animals will die. Emergency vaccination is considered the most effective intervention, but there is no safe, effective vaccine available yet.
This project seeks to improve understanding of the risks of an outbreak of African horse sickness in the Netherlands, the possible control strategies and the necessary control measures.
Since 2011, a vaccine is under development in project BO-08-013-002. This project includes a quantitative analysis of practical methods to protect horses against midges (keeping the horse inside, insecticides). A mathematical model for the distribution of African horse sickness in the Netherlands has been developed to describe and evaluate the effectiveness of control measures. In particular, the reduction of the bite frequency can reduce proliferation of the disease. In 2011 a pilot field experiment took place, looking at host preference of midges and the effect of a special blanket on bite frequency. In May 2012 two more field experiments will take place.
Transmission and control of African Horse Sickness in The Netherlands: a model analysis.
PLoS ONE 6 (2011)8. - ISSN 1932-6203
Risk of introduction and establishmentof African horse sickness in the Netherlands
In: International Conference Eden 2010 : Oral presentations abstracts, 10-12 May 2010, Montpellier France. - - p. 65 - 66.
Risk of introducing African horse sickness virus into the Netherlands by international equine movements
Preventive Veterinary Medicine 106 (2012)2. - ISSN 0167-5877 - p. 108 - 122.
Risk of introducing African horse sickness into the Netherlands by equine movements
Risk of introducing African horse Sickness into the Netherlands by importation of equids
In: Abstracts oral and posterpresentations 4th Annual Meeting EPIZONE, 7-10 June 2010, St. Malo, France. - - p. 57 - 57.
Risk of introducing African Horse sickness into the Netherlands by importation of equines
Programma Dag van het gezonde paard, 10 november 2011, Centraal Veterinair Instituut, Lelystad
Lelystad : Centraal Veterinair Instituut
Onze missie : wij beschermen de dier- en volksgezondheid door veterinair onderzoek op topniveau, for quality of life
Kostenberekening van een uitbraak met Afrikaanse paardenpest in Nederland
Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit - p.
Kostenberekening van een APP uitbraak in Nederland