Institutional capacity building for fishery producer organisations

This Twinning Project aims to contribute to the improvement of the fisheries and aquaculture sector performance in Turkey.

Common Fisheries Policy gives Producer Organisations (POs) important roles in the regulation of common market organisation and, up to an extent, fisheries resource management. For setting up such mechanism leading to setting up the POs in compliance with EU, Turkey needs to renew its legal regulatory framework for stakeholder participation in decision-taking process as well as proper functioning of the market mechanism. This can be achieved by better organising current cooperatives, their associations and producer unions in the fisheries sector, hereinafter called “producer groups”, through promoting them to become members of POs.

Establishment of recognised fishery producer organisations

Turkey’s full harmonisation with the Acquis as regards fishery POs is foreseen in the long-term, i.e. approaching accession or in the early years after EU accession since setting up associated compliance instruments and mechanisms, such as price and market intervention systems for fishery products, does not seem to be a realistic approach in short- or medium-term. Availability of EU funds for relevant instruments and mechanisms after accession, types of fisheries, the complex nature of the small-scale artisanal fisheries, lack of sectoral awareness, types and ways of marketing of fishery products, consumer preferences on species, lack of an effective marketing chain allowing presentation of fishery products all-year around are the outstanding factors contributing to the establishment of a progressive approach to establishment of 'recognised' fishery POs, with linked instruments and mechanisms on the basis of a long term alignment.

Practical application of common fisheries policy

In line with on-going alignment process, Turkey has embarked upon the application of a number of pilot initiatives in support of practical application of common fisheries policy. Examples of such pilot applications include sales notes, logbook, licences and vessel monitoring system. Although legislative and regulatory framework regarding Fisheries Associations are formulated and enforced by the MFAL, to some extent, the law in force, i.e. Law no. 1163 and 5200, do not allow establishment of 'recognised Fishery POs' as regulated by the fisheries acquis. Therefore, there is a crucial need for full harmonisation at legislative level and forming regulatory framework for development of phased sectoral approach/strategy for moving to establishment of compliance instruments and mechanisms in relation to Fishery POs, interbranch organisations and CMO, focusing in particular on the strengthening sectoral institutional capacity building.