The term High Nature Value farmland (HNV) refers to types of farmland that are important for biodiversity. In the European agri-environmental policy arena HNV is gaining interest, especially in the ongoing debate about the greening of the Common Agricultural Policy. At present The Netherlands lags behind in terms of HNV policy adoption. This reports describes in what way three EU member states implement HNV farmland in their agri-environmental policy and discusses which lessons can be drawn from the cases. The report concludes with a roadmap on how The Netherlands could proceed in the further integration of HNV farmland in its agri-environmental policy.