While entrepreneurship has been viewed as crucial to economic development and employment generation, particularly in developing countries like Iran, surprisingly little research has been conducted on those factors which influence the individual’s decision to start a business within such contexts and thus understanding why some people decide to start a business while others do not.
Three empirical studies were conducted to explore the influence of personal and socio-cultural factors on students’ entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions at seven public universities in Iran. In addition, the effects of entrepreneurship education on students’ entrepreneurial attitudes, intentions and opportunity identification competence were evaluated. An existing entrepreneurship course was also redesigned to foster the capacity of students to identify new business opportunities. Numerous implications for future research, theory, education and policy came out of this research endeavour.