The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the main expenditure chapter of the EU and is directly affecting the economy of rural areas. There is a need to assess this impact, so as to support future CAP design.
The project CAP-IRE has developed concepts and tools for this purpose, based on an improved understanding of long-term socio-economic mechanisms of change in rural areas. The project, which is currently being completed, was financed under the Seventh Framework Programme of the EU. CAP-IRE is implemented by a consortium of research institutes, led by the University of Bologna. LEI one of the partners. The project coverage includes 11 case study regions in 9 countries of the EU. The reaction of farm households to CAP reforms was analysed under the lens of six thematic plus one cross-thematic issues:
- arm structural adjustment, investment and innovation;
- chain interactions between agriculture and related economic sectors;
- environmental sustainability;
- social sustainability;
- interactions between rural communities and the rest of the world;
- governance issues;
- the interplay of the previous aspects on a spatial basis.