Two 'One Health for Food' project applications involving the Central Veterinary Institute, part of Wageningen (CVI), have been honoured. The kick-off of the 'Development and application of diagnostics’ project was on 22 April 2013, and 1 May 2013 saw the launch of the ESBL attribution project, looking into the sources and distribution of antibiotic resistance.
One Health for Food is a cross-sector programme that uses scientific research to answer questions relating to public and animal health posed by the business sector. The studies provide information that can be used in various sectors of livestock farming and animal-based food production. The One Health for Food projects are jointly financed by the government and the business sector (50-50).
Development and application of diagnostics
Fast testing methods are desperately needed to safeguard animal health. Farmers and vets need to know whether a health problem is being caused by a bacterial infection before starting treatment with antibiotics. Looking to the future, it will also be important to know whether treatment with medication will be effective; i.e. whether the specific bacteria causing an infection are resistant to a particular antibiotic. Read more
ESBL attribution (looking for the sources of antibiotic resistance in humans)
A lot of information is needed to ensure that the right measures are taken and people in the Netherlands can still be treated with antibiotics to counter bacterial infections. The bacteria themselves are not responsible for the fact that antibiotics are no longer working; this is down to particular enzymes that the bacteria produce. These so-called ESBLs (extended spectrum bata-lactamases) are able to break down antibiotics. The ESBLs are not only common in Dutch livestock farming, but also in humans, who can be carriers. The enzymes are also thought to occur in the environment. Read more