Wageningen Marine Research investigates toxic substances and plastic debris and their impact on life in our marine waters. In the night of 1 to 2 January, during a northwestern storm, the container vessel MSC Zoë lost 291 freight containers in the shipping lane just north of the Dutch Wadden Islands. Our marine investigators try to answer questions on the five most frequently asked question in relation to the incident.
Some photo’s of materials on fishing vessels (Photos via Sarah Verroen, VisNed)
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Besseling, E., Foekema, E.M., Van Den Heuvel-Greve, M.J., Koelmans, A.A. (2017). The effect of microplastic on the uptake of chemicals by the lugworm Arenicola marina (L.) under environmentally relevant exposure conditions. Environmental science & technology, 51(15), 8795-8804.
Bravo Rebolledo, E.L., Van Franeker, J.A., Jansen, O.E., & Brasseur, S.M. (2013). Plastic ingestion by harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) in The Netherlands. Marine pollution bulletin, 67(1-2), 200-202.
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Foekema, E.M., Heuvel-Greve, M.J., Murk, A.J., & Koelmans, A.A. (2017). Plastics in mosselen. Report Wageningen Marine Research C055/17.
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Van Franeker, J.A., Rebolledo, E.L.B., Hesse, E., IJsseldijk, L.L., Kühn, S., Leopold, M., & Mielke, L. (2018). Plastic ingestion by harbour porpoises Phocoena phocoena in the Netherlands: Establishing a standardised method. Ambio, 47(4), 387-397.
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Ziccardi, L.M., Edgington, A., Hentz, K., Kulacki, K.J., Driscoll, S.K. (2016). Microplastics as vectors for bioaccumulation of hydrophobic organic chemicals in the marine environment: A state-of-the science review. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 35, 1667-1676.