PhD project by Stephanie Duku. Agriculture, is badly effected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. In this project we study the potential of sheep, to support HIV/AIDS stricken families
Agriculture, the main source of food security and employment in Africa, is badly effected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The livelihood of farming families is threatened; if not appropriate support is provided the family sinks into extreme poverty. In this AWCAE guided project we study the potential of sheep, a component of the mixed sheep-crop farming system, to support HIV/AIDS stricken families.We wish to contribute to knowledge and understanding of the constraints of labour for sheep production strategies. Labour is influenced by cultural factors like gender and by new factors like the morbidity and mortality of HIV/AIDS.
The main objective of the study is to investigate sheep rearing in mixed crop-livestock systems in the Ejura-Sekyedumasi District of Ghana, particularly, the productivity of sheep under different feed systems, how labour considerations affect these systems, and what influences male and female farmers in their decisions about labour and financial allocations to and within the feed system, including the possible role of HIV/AIDS or other long-term illnesses and mortality.
The sub-objectives are:
- To evaluate sheep rearing, particularly the sheep feed system of selected households as they currently function in different seasons, in relation to the productivity of sheep.
- To identify labour inputs and constraints in relation to sheep rearing, particularly the sheep feed system adopted by men and women farmers.
- To determine the benefits of sheep to men and women farmers in a mixed crop-livestock system in relation to labour inputs and allocation of other resources to sheep rearing and also in relation to the sheep feed system.
- To assess the effects of long-term morbidity and mortality within the household on labour inputs and the allocation of other resources to sheep rearing, their effects on the sheep feed system, on the benefits of sheep, and how these effects are influenced by gender relations.