On a global level both for crop and livestock species there has been a general tendency towards uniformity in the culture of crops and livestock production systems. Local varieties are replaced by a small number of highly productive – non native – ones, dominating the world’s agriculture. The loss of diversity in cultivated varieties and livestock breeds also has been referred to as genetic erosion and may form a hazard for sustainable agricultural production or food security, agricultural products and income. It is for these threats that it is important to have an idea on the status of genetic biodiversity (agrobiodiversity) within a particular agricultural production system in the past, present and future.
The aim of this project is to contribute to the development of key agrobiodiversity indicators drawing on and coherent with the work under the CBD, FAO and in the European program Streamlining European Biodiversity Indicators (SEBI). Analysis and modelling of the relationships between pressure factors and agrobiodiversity will enable assessments of past, present and future trends and their consequences on various human functions such as food security, poverty, environmental quality, landscape and wild biodiversity.