The general objective of this thesis is to explore, describe and analyse the social dynamics of the interaction between the global and the local actors in the process of governing the conservation of coastal and marine resources in decentralized Indonesia.
This thesis brings together two case studies on two different conservation approach: the development and the implementation of marine conservation area; and the emergence and the development of standards for better management practices in shrimp aquaculture. Environmental NGO networks on collaboration with local actors and their networks initiated both conservation attempts.
The result shows that the environmental NGO networks tend to ignore the patron-client relationship that characterizes the local networks. This affects the process the translation and negotiation in the process of co-production of the environmental knowledge. This thesis offers policy recommendations to improve the coastal governance, paying particular attention to creating enabling conditions for effective involvement of multi-level actors.