Varied urban plantations enhance biodiversity

Varied urban plantations enhance biodiversity

Biodiversity is not something for nature alone. It is also a good thing to have many different plants in cities. Applied Plant Research (PPO) shows how managers of urban green areas can utilise plants and trees to establish a varied fauna.

First thoughts of biodiversity do not immediately lead to the city. And yet, the urban environment offers plenty of opportunities for all sorts of insects, birds and other animals. But this requires selection of the right types of plants.

Any plantation attracts animals. One shrub or plant species is more attractive to butterflies, the other to bees, while again others are offering good shelter or nesting opportunities for birds. Variation is therefore essential to stimulate all those different animals so that all different species are given a chance.

Different plants for each animal

The question then is: which plant or shrub is good for which animal? The scientists of PPO have published all existing scientific knowledge on this subject in a brochure. Growers, managers of urban green areas, and private individuals with an own garden can precisely find out which plants can best be planted when they wish to support the existence of certain animal species.

Indigenous and exotic species

The scientists are also providing information about indigenous and exotic species. Some councils only want indigenous species, also called native material. But exotic species may also be good choice, certainly when these are expected to do better when climate changes in the future. A marginal remark to be made about exotic species is that these may become invasive, resulting in native species being displaced. But this only happens in 1 case out of 1000.